Microorganism are little living things that occupy a world that can only be seen through a microscope. They exist in millions of colonies that exhibit different characteristics which make them unique. These little organisms are capable of occupying habitats with extreme conditions without being affected. Their bodies are made of different types of proteins and other elements that play specific roles in upholding their survival. Microbes can multiply so fast and are capable of spreading from one place to another. Scientists have linked a number of species of microorganisms to diseases that infect both plants and animals. They include bacteria, viruses and other virulent microbes that inject toxins to cells of living things to cause infections.
Viruses have presented the most complex characteristics as noted by many researchers in the history of their study. They’ve the ability to exist as just particles when outside the host, but, regain their living form inside the hosts. It is only viruses that show such mysterious features whereas other microbes such as bacteria remain alive and active until they’re destroyed or die after their life spun is over. All viruses can be categorized by their biochemical or physical characteristics such as their shapes, sizes and types of proteins making up their bodies. Common diseases such as flu are as a result of viral invasion into cells of our bodies.
Cold sores are small fluid filled blisters that regularly grow around the mouth area of human beings. People neither understand what causes these blisters nor how they get infected by them. Some appear to be affected more than others whereas others may fail to experience them. According to studies, blisters are caused by a viral agent given the name herpes simplex.
This particular virus became so popular in the late 90s because of its incurable nature. It is well known to be transmitted sexually, but, it can also be contracted through ways such as kissing and sharing utensils. The specific strain involved in causing the emergence of sores on your mouth is known as HSV1. Just like similar viruses, herpes simplex can stay inactive on surfaces waiting to get exposed on cells.
The moment they’re in the host, they occupy regions beneath nerve cells and remain inactive until triggered by certain stimulating factors. Exposure to hot sunlight is one of the triggering factors that lead to fever blisters. Factors may include cold weather, any form of illness affecting you, a considerable change in hormonal levels during menstruation and stress. These conditions make it ample for the virus to be activated and spread to cause sores on your mouth. Sore take up to a maximum of 3 weeks and a minimum of 1 week to heal completely. They occur in varying frequency depending on a person’s immunity and the exposer to triggering factors. Herpes simplex lacks a cure rendering it impossible to completely do away with cold sores.
During the process of recuperation, the blisters burst to produce fluid suspension that contain the viral components. When individuals come into direct contact with the fluid, they get infected by the virus therefore, the sores are highly contagious. Water has the capacity to transfer the virus from one person to another. Viral particles deposited into drinking water remain a threat unless disinfected using chemicals such as chlorine to destroy the virus. People sharing utensils or towels with those who have sores must be careful to prevent getting infected. Avoid sharing a cup of water which may be contaminated with the fluid suspension oozing from these sores.
When you get infected by cold sores, symptoms you may experience include tingling sensation on your lips, itchy irritation accompanied by dryness of the blister. Even though these sores are untreatable antiviral medication can be prescribed for severe cases. Cold sores may fail to appear on lips of some hence they remain infected unaware and can contract it to people. To prevent getting sores on your lips ensure you stay away from those affected because even droplets from their mouths can transfer infection to you. Infants and older people may be prone to getting sores because of low immunity which can be as result of other diseases affecting the body. Getting cold sores does not necessarily imply that someone has acquired genital form of herpes simplex viral infection; they are different from each other.